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THE LAST LINGUA FRANCA:  ENGLISH UNTIL THE RETURN OF BABEL., Ostler, Nicholas.

Author Name    Ostler, Nicholas.

Title   THE LAST LINGUA FRANCA: ENGLISH UNTIL THE RETURN OF BABEL.

Binding   Hard Cover

Book Condition   Very Good+

Jacket Condition   Very Good

Edition   First American Edition

Publisher   New York Walker 2010

ISBN Number    0802717713 / 9780802717719

Seller ID   30131

330 pp, 9 1/2" H. B&w illustrations. "English has become the world's lingua franca - the most widely spoken in human history, (but the author argues that it) stands to be displaced as the world's language. The primary causes for the spread of lingua francas over time have been military empire-building, networks of commercial enterprise, and missionary religion. Ostler explores each of these inspirations through the lens of civilizations spanning the globe, from China and India to Persia, Africa, and Europe. Two long-term trends emerge that suggest the reasons for ultimate decline: Elites are the prime users of lingua francas, yet democratization in politics and rising equality in society tend to bring them down. At present, international English worldwide is spoken not by majorities, but by elites; and the countries where English is spoken natively are losing their command of the world's economic heights. Soon, the rising wealth of states such as Brazil, Russia, India, and China will shrink any international preference for English. These trends are now reinforced by a new development in modern technology. There will soon be instant translation among major languages, enhancing the global usefulness of mother tongues and lessening the necessity for any future lingua franca to be learned. Increasingly, each nation will speak as it pleases, and yet the world will understand." Minor wrinkling at top/bottom of spine. Dust jacket has minor edge wrinkling light at bottom of front flap, tiny tear at bottom of front flap-fold - archivally taped.

English  Language,  Lingua  Francas,  Language  Acquisition,  International  Languages,  Language  Distribution,  Accents,  Administration,  Africa,  Afrikaans,  Al-Andalus,  North  America,  Anatolia,  Arab  Emirates,  Arabic  Language,  Aramaic,  Bengal,  Bilingual  Policy,  Bilingualism,  Borrwed  Words,  Britain,  BBC,  British  Broadcasting  Corporation,  Central  Asia,  China,  Chinese  Language,  Colonies,  Colonial  Policy,  Commerce,  Conquest,  Dialects,  Dictinaries,  Diaspora,  Education,  Egypt,  Elites,  ELF,  International  English,  Europe,  European  Union,  French  Language,  German  Language,  Grammar,  Greek  Language,  Hindi  Language,  India,  Islam,  Muslims,  Italian,  Japanese  Language,  Jews,  Language  Teaching,  Latin,  Lingua-Franca,  Literature,  Malay  Language,  Mother  Tongue,  Multilingualism,  Official  Languages,  Pahlavi,  Pali  Language,  Persian,  Persian  Empire,  Phoenician  Language,  Pidgin,  Portuguese,  Publishing,  Religion,  Roman  Catholic  Church,  Russian  Language,  Sanskrit,  Scribes,  Sogdian,  South  Africa,  Spain,  Spanish,  Sri  Lanka,  Swahili,  Tajik,  Tamil,  Turkic,  Turks,  United  Kingdom,  Urdu,  Uyghur,  Vernacular,  Writing,  Social  History,  Trade,  Communications. 

Price = 15.00 USD


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