Roberts, Frank E.
Title THE AMERICAN FOREIGN LEGION: BLACK SOLDIERS OF THE 93d IN WORLD WAR I.
Publisher Naval Institute Press, Annapolis, Maryland, 2004.
Seller ID 20169
259 pp, large 8vo (9 3/16" H), hard cover in dust jacket. ISBN 1591147344 B&w photographs, maps/battle plans. "Still segregated in World War I, the U.S. Army was reluctant to use its 93d Division of black soldiers in combat with its own units and instead assigned the division's three National Guard regiments and one draftee regiment to the French Army. The battlefield successes of these African Americans under the French at the height of the German offensives in 1918 turned white e x p e c t a t i ons of failure upside down. Their bravery and heroism gained the respect of the French and Germans alike and called into question the U.S. Army's policy of racially segregating its divisions. The full story of their accomplishmen ts i s to ld h er e fo r the first time. Written from the perspective of the enlisted men and their white and black officers, this book highlights the combat action of individuals as well as entire units of the 93d. Readers join Company C of the 37 0th I nfa ntr y u nde r hea vy fire as they capture artillery pieces, machine guns, and even a portion of a railroad track to become the first American unit to win the Croix de Guerre. They learn about the extraordinary bravery of Cpl. Freddie Sto wers , t he o nly Afri can Am eric an in the war to be nominated for - and seventy years later posthumously awarded - the Medal of Honor, and others who earned the Distinguished Service Cross and French awards for gallantry in combat. In all, some 3,500 men of t he 9 3d fe ll i n b attle with 591 of them buried in France next to their white comrades, the only equality that the U.S. Army then granted them. Their story of overcoming the odds at a time when most believed blacks performe d poo rly in comb at is told by Fra nk E. Rob erts, who has been researching the subject for years. While acknowledging the many problems encountered by the 93d, he focuses on the many triumphs of these tenacious soldiers as they fought both the enemy and the preju dices of th eir fel low Am erica ns." Slight wrinkling at top/bottom of spine. Dust jacket has light wrinkling at top of spine, very faint small sticker mark on front panel. Very Good+/Very Good+